Tooth extraction involves removing a tooth from its socket in the jawbone. Before your dentist considers extraction, every effort will be made to try to repair your tooth.
The Two Types of Extractions
- Simple Extractions: Performed when teeth are visible in the mouth, easy to access and usually done under local anesthetic with/without antianxiety medication or sedation.
- Surgical Extractions : Performed when teeth are not easily visible, accessible , broken off at the gumline or partially erupted. Involves lifting and folding back gum tissue to expose tooth ,bone removal and breaking the tooth into pieces ( tooth sectioning) . Procedure may be done under local anaesthetic , general anaesthetic or via conscious sedation.
- Dentist will give you a piece of gauze to bite on for 45 mins to put pressure on area and allows blood to clot.
- Cold Compresses or ice packs to help reduce swelling
- Sleeping with head elevated with extra pillows to relieve pressure on the jaw.
- OTC pain reliever (eg. Ibuprofen )
- Do NOT rinse mouth for the first 24 hours immediately following treatment .
- Stick to soft or liquid diet for 48 hours after extraction and chew using teeth far from the extraction site.
- Brush and floss other teeth as usual, but avoid teeth and gums next to extraction socket.
- After the first 24 hours, for at least five days, gently rinse the socket with warm salt water ( 1/2 teaspoon in 1 cup) after meals and before bed.