Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease that affects the soft and hard structures that support the teeth. In its early stage, known as gingivitis, the gums become inflamed in response to toxins released by harmful bacteria in plaque. In it’s more serious form, called periodontitis, the gums pull away from the tooth and supporting gum tissues are destroyed. Bone is lost, and the teeth become loose or eventually fall out.
What are some common signs to look for?
What causes it?
How to Treat it?
Following an examination from your dentist, you may be referred to a Periodontist who will offer treatments, such as scaling and root planing (in which the infected surface of the root is cleaned) or root surface debridement. They can also treat patients using a range of surgical procedures, for both the treatment of severe periodontal disease and for cosmetic purposes.