Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease that affects the soft and hard structures that support the teeth. In its early stage, known as gingivitis, the gums become inflamed in response to toxins released by harmful bacteria in plaque. In it’s more serious form, called periodontitis, the gums pull away from the tooth and supporting gum tissues are destroyed. Bone is lost, and the teeth become loose or eventually fall out.
What are some common signs to look for?
- Bleeding gums during tooth brushing
- Sensitive, red and swollen gums
- Bad Breath
- Loose and mobile teeth that appear to have shifted
What causes it?
- Improper dental hygiene
- Changes in metabolism and hormone levels ( eg. Pregnancy, puberty, menopause)
- Medical Conditions (eg.Diabetes )
- Dry Mouth
- Teeth Grinding and clenching
How to treat it?
Following an examination from your dentist, you may be referred to a Periodontist who will offer treatments, such as scaling and root planing (in which the infected surface of the root is cleaned) or root surface debridement. They can also treat patients using a range of surgical procedures, for both the treatment of severe periodontal disease and for cosmetic purposes.